Many processes in many industries have been revolutionized after the invention of laser. The health and wellness industry is also taking advantage of this technology to treat various conditions. Dentists are making use of this technology to treat various gum diseases. Many patients have received benefits of laser treatment for gum disease.

What is periodontal disease?

Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease. This disease occurs when bone and supporting tissues holding teeth in place are infected. Most of the times, this disease affects those who are in their 30s and 40s. Following are the primary causes of gum diseases:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Diabetes and other chronic illnesses
  • Smoking
  • Genetic susceptibility
  • Certain medications

Typically, scaling and root planing is used for the treatment of periodontal disease. This is a non-surgical procedure in which the surface of the teeth is cleaned. This also involves the cleaning of roots exposed due to gum recession. The dentist will remove plaque, tartar and bacteria from gums. This promotes the growth of gum tissues around the root.

Depending on the condition, the dentist may also recommend gum flap surgery. The surgeon cuts the gum tissue and flaps it back. This allows deep cleaning of the root. The surgeon will suture gum tissues back into place for healing.

How does laser treatment for gum disease work?

In periodontal laser therapy, the dentist will use a dental laser and access and remove the inflamed gum tissues surrounding the root of the teeth. Root is exposed after infected tissues are removed and then root scaling begins. The dentist will scrape off plaque buildup and calculus around the root and below the gumline. The root is then smoothened by removing any rough spots using some instruments. It is important to remove these rough spots because these can attract bacteria and increase the risk of infection in the future. The area between the root and the gum will be regenerated during the healing process.

What are the Risks and Benefits of this treatment?

There are ample benefits a patient can reap from laser therapy for gum disease. Some of the benefits are:

  • No general anesthesia is used in this treatment. A general anesthetic is needed in other treatments for this disease.
  • While using a laser, the dentist can accurately and precisely target the diseased areas.
  • This therapy is less invasive as compared to surgical procedures. So, there is limited pain, bleeding and swelling in this treatment.
  • Healing and recovery are pretty quick.

There are some risks involved in this treatment for infected gum. However, you can avoid these risks by finding the best dentist in a laser dentistry for cavities. Risk occurs when the dentist uses an inappropriate power level and wavelength. This can cause damage to some other tissues as well.

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