The future is optimistic for improved and new procedures of spinal surgery. Other biological and technological developments are on the horizon that will work with the minimally invasive methods. Many of these, such as bio-resorbable, computer-assisted image-guided technology, radiolucent and flexible spine orthopedic implants, bone fusion, and genetic- engineering of disc tissue, and some other steps forward, are important for discussion.

Technology of Spinal Navigation

Conventional spine surgery usually involves taking an x-ray during the method to confirm the spine location or to confirm satisfactory spinal implants placement (e.g., bone screws, rods, hooks, orthopedic plates). Usually, orthopedic surgeons use “live” x-rays at the time of surgery (called fluoroscopy, floor-ah-sko-pee) to get this information.

In the earlier decades, great developments have been made that has taken spine navigation (or localizing) to a new height. Also called “computer-assisted, image-guidance,” navigation technology is progressing at a fast rate. More elegant and powerful than simple x-ray technology, spinal navigation technology utilizes a radiographic and computer studies (x-rays) of the patient to enable the orthopedic surgeon to know precisely where he/she is every time.

Technology of spinal navigation allows the surgeon to more correctly place spinal instrumentation, do decompression (for example, remove nerve pressure), eliminate tumors and other tasks. The patient’s three-dimensional models of his own spine appear on a computer screen by virtual representations of real surgical instruments that the orthopaedic surgeons have in their hand. Spinal surgeries can even be planned ‘virtually’ on the computer before a patient goes to sleep by the effect of anesthesia. For instance, length, orthopedic bone screw diameter, and some other measurements can be made with higher correctness.

The future of spinal navigation is very exciting. Rather than sending a patient for a MRI scan or preoperative CT, in the future orthopedic surgeons will be able to get images in the operation room that can immediately create computer models of the spine of patient. These computer models can be utilized to help navigate the spine at the time of surgery. MRI, intraoperative CT, and fluoroscopy-based CT offer a high potential. The final result is allowing the surgeon to visually “travel” in and out of a spine of patient on computer, thereby enabling them to see things that the human eye can’t during a typical surgery. As technology of spinal navigation proceeds, newer minimally invasive methods will become accessible.

Conclusion

Great developments in just the earlier decades have enable physicians to treat spinal disorders with more efficiency. Further developments in biomaterial, molecular biology of disc and bone, computer-assisted image-guided technology will be integrated together to progress very powerful procedures of treating spinal disorders. It is this integration of biological developments and developing technology that will result in smaller incisions, quicker healing time, less trauma to normal tissues, better or equivalent relief from pain and neurological problems, and faster return to functional status.

Siora Surgicals is a renowned orthopedic implant company. We also manufacture orthopedic and surgical instruments. Our orthopedic company was established in 1990. We do our best possible to satisfy the needs of our customers. Our orthopedic products are available in different sizes and lengths.

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